The 5 Components of Physical Fitness

October 04, 2021 4 min read

This post may contain affiliate links. Please see my full disclosure for more info. All printables are for personal use only.

What does fitness mean to you? Many people think of it as a way to get in shape and lose weight. But there is more to it than that. Physical fitness involves developing aspects like cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility. It also involves having a healthy body composition. In this blog post, we will explore the five components of fitness and what they mean to you as a healthy individual.

5 Components of Physical Fitness

what are the 5 components of Physical fitness?

The five elements of physical fitness are:

  • Body Composition
  • Cardiovascular Endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Muscular Endurance
  • Muscular Strength

What is Body Composition?

Body composition refers to how much of your body weight is composed of fat, bone and muscle. It’s important to have a healthy amount of all three in order to have good overall health. Those who have a high percentage of body fat can experience health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.

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What is Cardiovascular Endurance?

Cardiovascular endurance refers to how well your heart and lungs are working together for physical movement. Having good cardiovascular endurance means that you’re fit enough to do intense exercise sessions or be physically active for long periods of time.

What is Flexibility?

Flexibility refers to how well you can bend and move your muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints through a full range of motion. The more flexible people are the less likely they are to have injuries because their bodies can handle movement better than those who lack flexibility.

What is Muscular Endurance?

Muscular endurance refers to how long and well your muscles can perform. Repetitive motion for extended periods of time is possible thanks to your endurance.It’s important for you to be able to do daily activities like climbing stairs or carrying groceries without getting tired easily, as well as supporting yourself during physical activity sessions that last longer than a few minutes (like running). You can improve your muscular endurance by doing regular physical activity.

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What is Muscular Strength?

Muscular strength refers to how much weight you can lift, use or push against one time (maximal effort). If someone’s muscles are strong they will be able to complete activities like moving furniture easily and do intense workouts that require heavy lifting. It’s important to keep your muscles strong as you age because it helps prevent injuries and chronic conditions like osteoporosis.

Why are the 5 components of Physical fitness important?

Physical activity is important to everyday living. In order to have a healthy body, you need all five of the components of fitness. Not only that but they are also great for weight loss. Having a healthy body composition and cardiovascular endurance can help you burn fat. Flexibility, muscular endurance and strength will also help to strengthen your muscles so that they become leaner with less fat covering them up.

There are a number of benefits that come from regular exercise and physical activity. The most notable being the promotion of strong muscles, which leads to improved respiratory health as well as cardiovascular wellness in general plus an overall feeling more energized throughout your day!

Exercise is also a great way to feel better mentally. It can also reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, obesity, diabetes or high blood pressure.

exercise examples

There are exercises are available for each area of fitness. Exercises that target more than one element at the same time are beneficial. (Two birds with one stone and all.)

Here are some examples:

  • Body Composition - weightlifting, squats, interval training, sports
  • Cardiovascular Endurance - power walking, running, biking, swimming, & other aerobic exercise
  • Flexibility - yoga, stretching
  • Muscular Endurance - resistance training, calisthenics, interval training
  • Muscular Strength - weightlifting, squats, weight training

Printable Fitness Planner

Are you excited to get fit and stay fit? Are you looking for a fun and organized way to track all the things in your fitness journey? 

This printable Fitness Planner pdf has everything you need to get started and stay committed to healthy living. Learning to take care of yourself is a process, and this fitness journal is your key to building new habits, staying motivated, and accomplishing your fitness goals.

You don’t have to wait until the New Year to start taking charge of your health and fitness. 


printable Fitness Planner

With this printable Fitness Planner, you can turn your intentions into accountability. You'll learn to plan and keep track of your workouts and keep record your food intake and exercise.

This Printable Fitness Planner is your new best friend. It's your complete solution to setting your health & fitness goals and holding yourself accountable.

And guess what? That fresh new you starts TODAY! It starts the second you purchase your printable Fitness Planner!

With this Fitness Planner you'll have:

  • LESS anxiety about starting to exercise
  • LESS stress
  • FEWER bad habits
  • MORE awareness of your decisions
  • MORE motivation
  • MORE determination to achieve your goals
  • MORE organization
  • MORE focus and concentration
  • a CLEAR vision for your future and your health

Here is exactly what you will have instant access to when you purchase your 21-page printable Fitness Planner:

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